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Lesson 10 Irregular verbs

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  • En la siguiente lista se incluyen todos los verbos irregulares ingleses. En ella se recoge el infinitivo y el presente (ambos tienen la misma forma, salvo que el infinitivo va precedido de la partícula “to”), así como el pasado simple y el participio.
  • En algunos casos, el verbo tiene dos posibles formas en el pasado o en el futuro que aparecen indicadas. En otros casos, el verbo no tiene infinitivo (son algunos verbos modales y en la tabla aparecen sin partícula “to”).
  • Estos verbos no siguen una regla determinada, por lo que hay que aprenderlos de memoria. Al ser numerosos, entendemos que lo más práctico es irlos estudiando poco a poco (algunos de ellos apenas se utilizan).
  • Infinitivo/Presente Significado Forma pasada Participio
    To stand soportar stood stood
    To come up surgir came up come up
    To wake despertar woke woke
    To be ser / estar was been
    To stand aguantar stood stood
    To beat golpear beat beaten
    To become llegar a ser became become
    To happen ocurrir happened happened
    To procreate procrear procreated procreated
    To begin empezar began begun
    To notice observar noticed noticed
    To bend doblar bent bent
    To grieve estar afligido grieved grieved
    To keep asking preguntar con insistencia kept asking kept asking
    To bet apostar betted / bet betted / bet
    To bid ordenar bade bidden
    To bid pujar bid bid
    To bind atar bound bound
    To bite morder bit bitten
    To bleed sangrar bled bled
    To blow soplar blew blown
    To break romper broke broken
    To breed engendrar bred bred
    To bring traer brought brought
    To broadcast retransmitir broadcast broadcast
    To build construir built built
    To burn quemar burned / burnt burned / burnt
    To burst explotar burst burst
    To buy comprar bought bought
    Can poder could be able
    To throw away arrojar / lanzar threw away thrown away
    To catch coger caught caught
    To chide regañar chid chidden
    To choose elegir chose chosen
    To cut cortar / romper cut cut
    To cling agarrarse clung clung
    To clothe vestir clothed / clad clothed / clad
    To come venir came come
    To cost costar cost cost
    To creep deslizarse con sigilo crept crept
    To sing cantar sang sung
    To cut cortar cut cut
    To dare desafiar dared / durst dared / durst
    To deal tratar con dealt / delt dealt / delt
    To dig cavar dug dug
    To do hacer did done
    To draw dibujar drew drawn
    To dream soñar dreamed / dreamt dreamed / dreamt
    To drink beber drank drunk
    To drive conducir drove driven
    To live in habitar lived in livled
    To eat comer ate eaten
    To fall caer fell fallen
    To feed alimentar fed fed
    To feel sentir felt felt
    To fight luchar fought fought
    To find encontrar found found
    To run away escapar ran away run away
    To fling arrojar flung flung
    To fly volar flew flown
    To stop desistir stopped stopped
    To forbid prohibir forbade forbidden
    To forget olvidar forgot forgotten
    To forgive perdonar forgave forgiven
    To leave renunciar a algo left left
    To freeze helar(se) froze frozen
    To get coger got got
    To make golden dorar made golden made golden
    To fasten sujetar con cinturón fastened fastened
    To give dar gave given
    To go ir went gone
    To grind moler ground ground
    To grow crecer grew grown
    To hang colgar hanged / hung hanged / hung
    To have haber / tener had had
    To hear oír heard heard
    To hide esconder hid hidden
    To hit golpear hit hit
    To hold sostener held held
    To hurt herir hurt hurt
    To keep mantener kept kept
    To kneel arrodillarse knelt knelt
    To knit tejer knit knit
    To know saber knew known
    To lay colocar laid laid
    To lead guiar led led
    To lean inclinar leaned / leant leaned / leant
    To leap brincar leaped / leapt leaped / leapt
    To learn aprender learned / learnt learned / learnt
    To leave dejar left left
    To lend prestar lent lent
    To let permitir let let
    To lie echarse lay lain
    To light encender lit lit
    To lose perder lost lost
    To make hacer made made
    May poder might —-
    To mean significar meant / ment meant / ment
    To meet encontrar(se) met met
    To mow segar mowed mowed / mown
    Must deber had to —-
    Ought deber —- —-
    To pay pagar paid paid
    To put poner put put
    To read leer read / red read / red
    To rent alquilar rented rented
    To rid eliminar rid rid
    To ride montar (a caballo) rode ridden
    To ring sonar rang rung
    To rise subir rose risen
    To run correr ran run
    To saw serrar sawed sawed / sawn
    To say decir said said
    To see ver saw seen
    To seek buscar sought sought
    To sell vender sold sold
    To send enviar sent sent
    To set poner set set
    To sew coser sewed sewed / sewn
    To shake agitar shook shaken
    Shall (auxiliar futuro) —-
    To shear esquilar sheared / shore sheared / shorn
    To shed perder (hojas) shed shed
    To shine brillar shone shone
    To shoe herrar shoed / shod shoed / shod
    To shoot disparar shot shot
    To show mostrar showed showed / shown
    To shrink encoger shrank shrunk
    To shut cerrar shut shut
    To sing cantar sang sung
    To sink hundir sank sunk
    To sit sentarse sat sat
    To slay matar slew slain
    To sleep dormir slept slept
    To slide resbalar slid slid
    To sling lanzar (con fuerza) slung slung
    To sneak deslizarse con sigilo snuck snuck
    To slit cortar slit slit
    To smell oler smelled / smelt smelled / smelt
    To hit golpear hit hit
    To sow sembrar sowed sowed / sown
    To speak hablar spoke spoken
    To speed acelerar speeded / sped speeded / sped
    To spell deletrear spelled / spelt spelled / spelt
    To spend gastar spent spent
    To spill derramar spilled / spilt spilled / spilt
    To spin dar vueltas spun spun
    To spit escupir spat spat
    To split dividir split split
    To spread extender spread spread
    To spring saltar sprang sprung
    To stand levantarse stood stood
    To steal robar stole stolen
    To stick hincar stuck stuck
    To sting picar stung stung
    To stink oler mal stank / stunk stunk
    To strew diseminar strewed strewed / strewn
    To stride andar a zancadas strode stridden
    To strike golpear struck struck
    To string colgar algo strung strung
    To strive esforzarse strove striven
    To swear jurar swore sworn
    To sweep barrer swept swept
    To swell hinchar swelled swelled / swollen
    To swim nadar swam swum
    To swing balancearse swung swung
    To take coger took taken
    To teach enseñar taught taught
    To tear rasgar tore torn
    To tell decir told told
    To think pensar thought thought
    To thrive prosperar thrived / throve thrived / thriven
    To throw tirar threw thrown
    To thrust lanzar adelante thrust thrust
    To tread pisar trod trodden / trod
    To understand comprender understood understood
    To undertake acometer undertook undertaken
    To wake despertarse waked / woke waked / woken
    To wear usar wore worn
    To weave tejer wove woven
    To weep llorar wept wept
    To wet mojar wetted / wet wetted / wet
    Will (auxiliar futuro) would —-
    To win ganar won won
    To wind dar cuerda wound wound
    To wring retorcer wrung wrung
    To write escribir wrote written

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